Obama’s Ambitious New Clean Energy Goal Will Depend on Nuclear—and the Next President

Posted by on June 28, 2016 7:35 pm
Categories: Blender

Obama’s Ambitious New Clean Energy Goal Will Depend on Nuclear—and the Next President

Obama’s Ambitious New Clean Energy Goal Will Depend on Nuclear—and the Next President

Leaders of US, Mexico, and Canada are expected to call for half of North America’s electricity to come from non-emitting sources by 2025, but getting there isn’t going to be easy.

President Barack Obama, along with Canadian premier Justin Trudeau and Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto, is expected to announce ambitious new clean energy goals at the “Three Amigos” summit in Ottawa this week. According to the White House, the three leaders will set a target of generating half of North America’s power from non-carbon-emitting sources by 2025. That is well beyond the emissions-reduction targets set by the Paris climate accord, last December.

For Canada, that is not a stretch: the country already gets more than 80 percent of its electricity from clean energy sources, including hydro, solar, wind, and nuclear. For Mexico and the U.S., however, it will be tougher: Mexico gets about one-quarter of its electricity from clean sources, while the U.S. gets around one-third. Both of those totals include nuclear power—which, unfortunately, is on the decline.

Nuclear plants in the U.S. currently provide about 20 percent of the country’s electricity, but utilities in recent years have closed or announced plans to close several large nuclear plants, including the Diablo Canyon nuclear station in California. As many as 20 nuclear plants could be shuttered over the next decade, according to the Nuclear Energy Institute. If that power is replaced by fossil fuels it would dramatically increase emissions of greenhouse gases. Getting to the target of 50 percent clean energy generation is likely unattainable without significant contributions from nuclear power, but the industry appears to be withering.

Of course, whether or not what the Obama administration admits is a “stretch goal” is ever attained depend on the next president, who will take office in 7 months. Hillary Clinton has announced a sweeping plan for increasing renewable energy, if elected, but she has flip-flopped several times over the years on whether nuclear power should be part of the nation’s energy portfolio. Most recently, she says her “Clean Energy Challenge” would include grants to support new nuclear construction.

Donald Trump, meanwhile, has historically stated he supports nuclear power, but his “America First” energy plan focuses mainly on new fossil fuel production and loosening environmental regulations. In an hour-long speech in North Dakota last month, billed as presenting his energy policy, he mentioned nuclear only once.

(Read more: Huffington Post, New York Times, “Donald Trump’s ‘America First’ Energy Plans Shows He Knows Virtually Nothing About the Issue”)

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